V'sham na'aseh...uvahodesh hash'vi'i...uminhatam v'niskeihem 01:21
Ohila la'el 01:31
Malkhuyot: alenue 02:30
Malkhuyot: Al ken n'kaveh l'kha....V'ne'emar lo hibit...V'al y'dei avodekha...M'lokh al kol ha'aretz 15:24
Shofar blasts 00:20
Hayom harat olam 00:27
Areshet s'fateinu 01:02
Zikhronot: ata zokher...vayizkor elohim eth no'ah 07:04
Zikhronot, continued: V'al y'dei avodekha...zokharti lakh...haben yakir li 07:01
Zikhronot, continued:Zokhreinu b'zikhron zokher 04:45
Shofar blasts: Hayom harat olam 04:06
Areshet s'fateinu 01:14
Shofarot: Ata nigleita 05:22
Shofarot, continued: Tik'u vahodesh shofar; Halleluya; V'al y'dei avodekha 07:01
Shof'rot, continued: Uv'yom simhatekhem b'rakha 02:41
Shofar blasts 00:30
Hayom harat olam 00:27
Areshet s'fateinu 01:11
Hoda'ot r'tze...modim...avinu malkenu z'khor...ukh'tov l'hayyim 02:48
Birkt kohanim; Sim shalom; B'sefer hayyim; V'ne'emar ki vi yirbu 03:42
Hayom t'amtzenu; K'hayom hazeh 04:49
Kaddish titkabel / Kaddish shalem 02:43

Liner Notes

 Annotated tracklisting:

  • V'sham na'aseh... - Cantorial recitation
  • Oḥila la'el - Cantorial improvisation on minhag ashkenaz motif
  • Malkhuyot: Alenu - missinai motif, setting: Joshua Samuel Weisser [Pilderwasser]
  • Malkhuyot, cont'd - Jacob Rappaport and cantorial improvisation (al ken n'kaveh l'kha), Cantorial improvsiations on malkhuyot motifs of minhag ashkenaz (v'ne'emar lo hibit...v'al y'dei avodekha...m'lokh al kol ha'aretz)
  • Hayom harat olam - Cantorial improvisation
  • Areshet s'fateinu - Anon. congregational melody (as sung by Yossele Rosenblatt)
  • Zikhronot: ata zokher - Cantorial improvisation on zikhronot motifs of minhag ashkenaz (ata zokher... vayizkor elohim et no'ah)
  • Zikhronot, cont'd: v'al y'dei avodekha - Isaac Kaminsky, arr O. Julius and Neil W. Levin (v'al y'dei avodekha...zokharti lakh...haven yakir li)
  • Zikhronot, cont'd: zokhrenu b'zikhron - Cantorial improvisation on zikhronot motifs of minhag ashkenaz (zokhreinu b'zikhron tov...), Paul Discount ( zokher..)
  • Shofar Blasts - Hayom harat olam - based in part on version as sung by Mordecai Hershman (in turn based partly on Sholom Secunda, with anon. melody) together with recollections and possible addtions by Shaye Englehart [Jerry Abbott]; reset & arr. Sholom Kalib.
  • Areshet s'fateinu - Joshua Lind, arr. Neil W. Levin
  • Shofarot: Ata nigleita - Isaac Kaminsky, arr. O. Julius; Moshe Ganchoff, arr. S. Silbermintz; Samuel Kavetsky (alto solo)
  • Shofarot, cont'd: tiku vahodesh shofar - Isaac Kaminsky (tiku vahodesh shofar), Jacob Goldstone (Halleluya Psalm 150), cantorial improvisation on shofarot motifs of minhag ashkenaz
  • Shofarot, continued: uv'yom simhatkhem - Sholom Secunda (Uv'yom simhatkhem)
  • Shofar Blasts
  • Hayom harat olam - Cantorial improvisation
  • Areshet s'fateinu - Joshua Lind
  • Hoda'ot - Cantorial recitation (r'tzei...modim...avinu malkenu z'khor...ukh'tov l'hayyim
  • Birkat kohanim; Sim shalom - Cantorial recitation, attrib. Israel Goldfarb (b'sefer hayyim), Canotrial recitation (v'ne'emar ki vi yirbu)
  • Hayom t'amtzeinu - Joshua Lind, cantorial recitation (ki vayom ha'zeh)
  • Kaddish titkabel / Kaddish shalem - Yankl Gottlieb, arr. Neil W. Levin




Sung in Hebrew

“In the seventh month, on its first day, you shall celebrate a holy assembly; you must do no work on that day. It shall be a day for loud shofar blasts for you. Prepare a burnt offering for the Lord, a sweet scented offering-- one young bullock, one ram, and seven unblemished one-year-old male lambs .

The accompanying flour offerings and libations were stipulated: for the bullock: three tenths of an ephah of flour; for the ram: two tenths of an ephah; for each lamb: one tenth of an ephah. Requisite wine for the libations is to be added.

In addition: two male goats for atonement, and of course, the two regular daily offerings, and an offering for the New Moon observance, (with the proper libations) ---sweet scented offerings to the Lord!” (Numbers 29: 1-2)

My hopes, my requests are directed to God. I plead before His presence.

I beg of Him the gifts of the musings of my heart that I might sing of His might in the assembled community, express with proper music and chant the magnificence of His deeds. Man can attempt to clarify the musings of his heart, but the power of speech is a gift from God. Oh Lord, open my lips, and let my mouth speak Your praise. Let the words of my mouth and the deliberations of my heart be acceptable to You, my rock, my redeemer.


It is our responsibility to praise the Master of all things, to ascribe greatness to the Creator of all that came into being from the beginning of time.

For He did not make us like other nations of the world, nor place us in positions similar to those of other families of the earth. He did not allot to us a portion like those given to others, nor a destiny like that assigned to their multitudes. Therefore, we bend the knee and bow and give thanks to the Supreme King of kings, the Holy-One, blessed be He.

For it is He who spread out the heavens and established the earth, whose seat of glory is in the heavens above, and whose mighty presence is in the loftiest of heights. He is our God, there is none other. It is true, our King---there is none beside Him. As it is written in Holy Scripture: “Know today, and let your heart consider, that the Lord is God in the heavens above and on the earth below; there is none other.”(Deuteronomy 4: 39)

We therefore put our hope in You, Lord, our God, hope that we will soon see the glory of Your power, when You will remove abominations from the earth; when idolatry will be completely destroyed; when the entire world will be repaired and will become a kingdom of God. Then all children of flesh will call upon Your name, and the wicked of the world will turn towards You. Let all the inhabitants of earth recognize and understand that every knee must bend before You, every tongue swear allegiance to Your name. Before You, oh Lord, our God, let them bow and prostrate themselves, and glorify Your honored name. Let them all accept the yoke of Your kingdom, and rule over them forever and ever. For the dominion is Yours, and You will reign in honor till the end of time. As it is written in Holy Scripture: “The Lord shall reign forever and ever.” (Exodus 15:18)


The Malkhuyot (God’s sovereignty) section of the Rosh Ha-Hashanah Musaf service contains a series of ten biblical texts pertaining to God’s kingship of the universe and of its effect on and relationship to the people of Israel. These verses are identified and translated here. The prayer, aleinu, (see above) is an introduction to the Malkhuyot, and the prayer al ken is a continuation of that introduction. The last text quoted in the introductory section is the first text quoted in the Malkhuyot section of mussaf.

As it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
God does not focus on Jacob’s sins, nor even see the perverseness of Israel. The Lord their God is with this people, and like shofar blasts they shout in honor of their King.” (Numbers: 23:21) 

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“When the leaders of the people assembled, and all of Israel’s tribes were there, God became King in Jeshurun.” (Deuteronomy: 33:5)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“For sovereignty is the Lord’s, and it is He who governs the nations.” (Psalms: 22:29)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“The Lord is King; He is robed in glory. The Lord is robed, girded in strength. His world is firmly fixed in place. It can never be moved.” (Psalms: 93:1) 

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“Oh you gates, raise up your heads! You ancient doors, get yourselves up! Let the King of Glory enter! Who then is the King of Glory? The Lord is firm and mighty. Oh you gates, raise up your heads! You ancient doors, get yourselves up! Let the King of Glory enter! Who then is the King of Glory? The Lord of Hosts is the King of Glory. Selah.” (Psalms: 24:7-10)

And in the words of your servants the prophets it is written:
“This is the message of the Lord, the King of Israel, Israel’s redeemer, the Lord of Hosts: ‘ I am the first, and I am the last, and besides Me there is no God.” (Isaiah: 44:6)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“Deliverers will go up onto Mount Zion to bring judgment to the Hill Country of Esau, and dominion shall be the Lord’s.” (Obadiah: 1:21)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“And the Lord shall be sovereign over all of the earth. At that time, it will be understood that the Lord is one and His name one.” (Zachariah: 14:1)

And in Your Torah it is written:
“Listen, Israel! The Lord is our God. The Lord is the only God -- His unity is His essence.” (Deuteronomy 6:5)

Our God and God of our fathers, reign over all the earth in Your glory, be exalted over all the universe in Your grandeur, and appear with the glorious majesty of Your power to all the inhabitants of Your world. Let it be known to every creature that You are its creator, and to all that exists, that You are their maker. Let all that breathes proclaim: “The Lord, God of Israel is King, and all in the world are subject to His dominion.

Our God and God of our fathers, make us holy with our observance of Your commandments, and provide us with a share in Your Torah; satisfy us with Your goodness, cheer us with Your deliverance. Purify our hearts so that we may truly serve You. For You are the God of truth, and Your words are true and lasting --- forever. You are the source of blessings, oh Lord, sovereign over all the earth, who sanctifies the people Israel and the Day of Remembrance.

Today we commemorate the birth of the universe. Today all the world’s creatures are called to judgment, and will be dealt with either as God’s children or as His servants. If seen as children, relate to us with mercy, as a father has mercy on his child. If, though, as servants, know that our eyes search for You, waiting for Your graciousness towards us, waiting to hear that You will pronounce our judgment with the clarity of light, You, so revered, so awesome! 

God, most high and exalted, You who hears and understands, who regards and considers the meaning of our shofar blasts, may the requests of our lips be found favorable before You; accept with mercy and with good will our just completed recital of the Malkhuyot verses. 


Like the Malkhuyot section of the prayer book, The zikhronot (memories) section of the Rosh Hashanah mussaf service also contains ten biblical verses preceded and followed by a number of related paragraphs. Zikhronot, as its title implies, deals with the importance of memory, of history, of the sustaining myths of the Jewish people. Poetically, it recalls specific memories important to God as well as to humanity in general, and of course, to the Jewish people in particular. The biblical verses in zikhronot and the introductory and concluding paragraphs are identified and translated here.

You, God, remember all that has transpired since the world’s beginning. You are mindful of that which was created even in the days of the ancient past. There is no forgetting before the seat of Your honor. Nothing is hidden from Your sight. You remember all activity, all movement, and that awareness extends to everything created. Everything is known, open to Your scrutiny, oh Lord, our God. You examine and foresee events to the very end of all generations. You established a particular time for the exercise and use of memories--- a time to revisit every soul – every spirit; to bring to mind the numerous and varied deeds of the countless multitudes of Your creatures. Thus, from the beginning of time, You made it known, and in days of yore You confirmed to us, that this day celebrating the beginning of Your creation is a special time for taking note of everything in creation from its genesis till now. This is a precept in Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob. 

On this day it is decreed for all nations: Which are destined for the sword, which for peace, which for famine, which for plenty. All creatures stand in judgment, to be remembered for life or for death. All are judged on this day. The records of every creature are brought before You – a person’s deeds, his works; human plans, human steps, man’s thoughts, schemes, motives for his acts—all are remembered and reviewed. Happy is the person who does not forget You, the human being who garners strength from You. For those who search for You will never stumble, and those who trust in You will never be put to shame. For the record of every act comes before You, and You examine the implications of them all. 

With love You took note of that righteous man, Noah, and promised to save him and be merciful to him. This, at the time when You brought the waters of the flood to destroy all flesh ---the world having been contaminated by evil. On this day, bring the memory of Noah to the fore, together with Your promise to increase his seed like the dust of the earth --- that of his descendents like the sands of the sea.

As it is written in Your Torah:
“And God remembered Noah, and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark. And God made the wind to blow over the earth, and the waters were quieted.” (Genesis: 8:1)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“And God heard their cries, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob”. (Exodus 2:24)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“And I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and surely My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham. And as for the land, of course I will remember the land!” (Leviticus: 26:42)

And in Your holy scriptures it is written: 
“God has made a memorial for His wonders, the Lord is gracious and merciful.” (Psalms: 91:4) 

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“He provides food for those who revere Him. He will remember His covenant for eternity.” (Psalms: 91:5)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“And He remembered for their sake His covenant; and He relented from His anger; for such is the magnitude of His loving-kindness.” (Psalms: 106:45)

And in the words of Your servants the prophets it is written: 
“Go, proclaim the following to all who have ears in Jerusalem, ‘I remember, to your everlasting honor, the devotion shown to Me in the days of your youth; and your love at the time of your wedding vows--- you followed me into the wilderness, into an uncultivated land!” (Jeremiah: 2:2) 

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“And I will remember My covenant with you made in the days of your youth, and I will establish with you an everlasting covenant.” (Ezekiel 16:60.)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“Is Efraim not My beloved son, my dear child? For even when I reprove him, I remember him with love. When I think of him, My heart turns over with emotion. Surely, I will have mercy on him. So says the Lord.” (Jeremiah: 31:20)

Our God and God of our fathers, focus on Your favorable memories of us, and from Your sublime heights remember us for salvation and for mercy. Remember, for our sake, oh Lord, our God, Your covenant with us, Your loving-kindness, and the promise that You gave to Abraham, our father, on Mount Moriah. May the memory of Abraham’s binding of Isaac his son on the altar be before You. Our father Abraham overcame his mercy towards his son in order to fulfill Your will with a full and complete heart. May Your mercy, thus, conquer Your sense of anger against us, and with Your great goodness, turn that anger away from Your people, Your city and from Your inheritance. 

Fulfill for us, oh Lord, our God, that which You promised us in Your Torah through the word of Moses Your servant: “For their sake I will remember the covenant with their fathers which I made when I brought them out of the Land of Egypt to be their God – in the sight of all of the nations. I am the Lord.” (Leviticus: 26:45)

You remember things forgotten from the very beginning of time. There is no forgetfulness before the seat of Your honor. Remember in mercy today, for the sake of his descendents, the binding of Isaac. You are the source of blessings, oh Lord, who remembers the covenant.


God, most high and exalted, You who hears and understands, who regards and considers the meaning of our shofar blasts, may the requests of our lips be found favorable before You; accept with mercy and with good will our just completed recital of the Zikhronot verses. 


As in the previous sections of the Rosh Hashanah mussaf service, the shofarot segment includes ten Biblical verses. Each of the verses discusses God’s revelation to Israel and its accompaniment by sounds of the shofar, or other events that include references to the shofar. This dramatic section is both preceded and followed by a related paragraph. (The concluding paragraph includes the tenth biblical quotation.)

You revealed Yourself to Your holy people in a cloud of glory, speaking to them. 

They heard Your voice from the heavens, and You revealed Yourself to them from within mists of purity. The entire universe trembled before Your presence, and all of Your creatures from the beginning of time were in awe of You. At the time when You revealed Your presence, our King, at Mount Sinai, to teach Your people Torah and commandments, You let them hear the majesty of Your voice -- Your holy speech -- from the midst of the flames. With thunder and lighting You reveled Yourself to them, and accompanied by sound of the shofar You appeared to them. 

As it is written in Your Torah:
“And it was on the morning of the third day--- there was thunder and lightning and a dense cloud on the mountain, and loud shofar blasts --- all of the people in the camp trembled.” (Exodus: 19:16)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“As the shofar blasts grew stronger and stronger, Moses spoke, and God’s voice answered him.” (Exodus: 19:19)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“And all the people ‘saw’ the thunder and the lightening and the voice of the shofar and the mountain in smoke, and when they saw it all, they trembled and stood from afar.” (Exodus: 20:15)

And in Your holy scriptures it is written:
“God’s presence came up with loud blasts, the Lord amidst sounds of the shofar”. (Psalms: 47:6)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“With trumpets and shofar sounds, sing joyfully before the King, the Lord.” (Psalms: 98:6)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“At the time of the New Moon, sound the shofar; and at the time of the full moon --- for our festival day. For it is a statute for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob.” (Psalms: 81: 4-5)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“Hallelujah. Praise God in His holy place, praise Him in the vault of His power.
Praise Him for His mighty acts, praise Him as befits His abounding greatness.
Praise Him with the blast of the shofar, praise Him with the nevel[1] and kinor[2].
Praise Him with tof [3] and dance, praise Him with strings and ugav[4].
Praise Him with sounding cymbals, praise Him with crashing cymbals.
Let all that has breath praise the Lord.Hallelujah!” (Psalms: 150)

And in the words of Your servants the prophets it is written: 
“To all who dwell on earth, to all who inhabit the world: Listen well when a banner is raised on the mountain top! Give heed when you hear the shofar sounded!” (Isaiah:18:3)

And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“On that day, a great shofar will be sounded: and those lost in the Land of Assyria, and those cast out to the Land of Egypt will come to bow to the Lord on His holy mountain in Jerusalem.” (Isaiah: 27:13)

"And it is said [in the Holy Scriptures]:
“The Lord will appear above them and His arrow will go forth like lighting; and the Lord, God, will sound the shofar and march in the midst of Teman, the Lord of Hosts will defend them.” (Zechariah 9:14)

With Your peace, then, be a shield for Your people Israel.

Our God and God of our fathers, sound a great shofar to signal our freedom, and raise a banner to gather our exiled ones and bring our scattered ones from among the nations. Gather our dispersed from the far corners of the earth. Bring us with joy to Zion, Your city, and with everlasting happiness to Jerusalem, the home of Your sanctuary. There we will bring the offerings required by the Torah, as told to us by Moses, Your servant --- in Your own honored words: “And on the days of your joy, and on your festivals, and on the day of the New Moon, you shall sound the trumpet over your offerings; and it shall be remembered in the presence of God. I am the Lord, you God.” (Numbers: 10:10)

For You listen to the sounds of the shofar, and give heed to the meaning of its calls. There is none like You! You are the source of blessings, oh Lord, who hears with mercy the shofar sounds of Your people Israel.


God, most high and exalted, You who hears and understands, who regards and considers the meaning of our shofar blasts, may the requests of our lips be found favorable before You; accept with mercy and with good will our just completed recital of the Shofarot verses.

Be accepting, oh Lord our God, of Your people Israel and of their prayers. Restore the worship and holy offerings to Your sanctuary, and accept in love the fire offerings and prayers of Israel. May the worship of Your people Israel always be acceptable to You.
May our eyes see Your merciful return to Zion. You are the source of blessings, oh Lord, who restores His presence to Zion. 

We gratefully thank You, our God and the God of our fathers, for having been for all eternity the Rock of our lives, the shield of our salvation – from generation to generation. We are grateful to You and praise You for our lives which are entrusted to Your hands, and for our souls given over to Your care, and for all the miracles and favors which are with us everyday—evening, morning, and afternoon. You are all goodness; Your love never fails us. You are merciful, Your kindness never ceases. Our hopes are with You forever.
For all this may Your name, oh our King, be blessed and exalted for all time.

Our Father, our King, remember Your mercy, overcome Your anger and remove from our midst and from the midst of all the children of Your covenant pestilence, sword, famine, captivity, destruction, sin, loss of faith, plague, accidents, all disease, every stumbling block, all contention, evil occurrences, severe decrees against us and causeless hatred.

Inscribe all of the children of Your covenant for a good life.

And may all that lives show gratefulness to You, and praise Your Name with sincerity, God, who is our salvation and our help. You are the source of blessings, oh Lord, Your name itself is “Goodness”, and expressing our thanksgiving brings us joy.

Our God and God of our fathers, bless us with the three-fold blessing written in the Torah by the hand of Moses, Your servant, and delivered by Aaron and his descendants --- Your holy nation; as it is written:
“May the Lord bless you and guard you.
May the Lord make His face shine on you, and be gracious to you.
May the Lord turn His face towards you and give you peace.” (Numbers 6:24-2) 

Grant peace, goodness, blessing, grace, loving-kindness and compassion to us and to all Israel Your people. Bless us, our Father, all of us as one, with the light of Your presence. For with that light, You, our Lord our God, gave us a life-giving Torah, an appreciation of loving-kindness, righteousness, blessing, mercy, life, and peace. May it be good in Your sight to bless Your people Israel at all times, at every hour with Your peace.

In the book of life, blessing, peace and good sustenance – remember us and inscribe us and all Your people, the House of Israel, for a good life and for peace. 
It is written in Holy Scripture: “Through Me shall your days be multiplied, and your years of living be increased.” Inscribe us for a good life. Oh living god, inscribe us in the Book of Life, as it is written: “And you who cleave to the Lord, your God, you are all alive this day.”

Strengthen us today.
Bless us today.
Exalt us today.
Seek our well-being today.
Inscribe us for a good life today.
Hear our supplications today.
Accept our prayers with mercy and good will today.
Support us with Your mighty arm of righteousness today.

On a day such as this, bring us in rejoicing to a rebuilt Jerusalem. As Your prophet wrote: “And I will bring them to My holy mountain, and make them rejoice in My House of Prayer. Their offerings will be accepted on My altar, and My House will be called a House of prayer for all the nations.” 
And it has been said: “And the Lord commanded us to observe all of these statutes—to revere the Lord our God; so that goodness be with us all of our days and so that He keep us in life, as we are on this day.”
And it has been said: “And it shall be considered righteousness on our part when we take care to observe all these statutes before the Lord our God, just as He commanded us.”
And may there be righteousness, blessing, compassion, life, and peace for us and for all Israel forever. You are the source of blessings, oh Lord, who creates peace.

Magnified and sanctified be His great name throughout the world which He hath created according to His will. And great is His glorious Creation!
And may His kingdom come during our lives and days, and during the life of all the House of Israel. May His kingdom come, His will be done on earth as in heaven. Speedily, soon, and let us say amen.
May His great name be blessed.

O worshiped be His holy name, forever and to all eternity. 

Blessed and praised, and glorified and exalted and extolled, and honored and magnified and lauded be the name of the Holy One, Blessed be He. Though He be beyond all blessings and songs and praises and consolations that can be uttered in this world, and let us say amen.
May the supplications and petitions of all Israel be accepted before our Father in heaven. Will all present here assent by saying amen.
May there be abundant peace for us and for all Israel; and those praying here signal assent and say amen.
May He who establishes peace in His high place establish peace for us and for all Israel; and those praying here signal assent and say amen.



Composer: Various
Length: 01:21
Genre: Liturgical

Performers: Neil Levin, Conductor;  Alberto Mizrahi, Cantor;  New York Cantorial Choir

Additional Credits:

Translation from the Hebrew by Rabbi Morton M. Leifman (edited by Eli Mishulovin and Neil Levin).


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